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Power managers target portable USB apps

Posted: 08 May 2006 ?? ?Print Version ?Bookmark and Share

Keywords:Linear? LTC4089? LTC4089-5? USB power manager? switching battery charger?

Linear Technology Corp. has introduced the LTC4089 and LTC4089-5 USB power managers with standalone high-voltage switching battery charger and ideal diode controller for portable USB devices.

According to the company, the devices have a switching topology that accommodates various inputs, including high-voltage power sources up to 36V (40V max) such as 12V AC/DC wall adapters, FireWire ports or automotive batteries. The devices also accept low-voltage power sources such as 5V wall adapters or USB inputs and single-cell Li-ion/Li-polymer batteries.

With PowerPath control feature, the devices provide power to USB peripheral devices and charge the peripheral's single-cell Lithium battery from the USB bus or a wall adapter power supply and also allow instant-on operation even with a depleted or missing battery.

To comply with USB current limit specifications, the LTC4089/-5 automatically reduces battery charge current as the system load current increases. To ensure that a fully-charged battery remains topped off when the bus is connected, the IC directs power to the load through the USB bus rather than extracting power from the battery. Once all power sources are removed, current flows from the battery to the load through an internal 200 milliohms low loss ideal diode, minimizing voltage drop and power dissipation. Onboard circuitry is provided to drive an optional external PFET to reduce the overall ideal diode impedance below 50 milliohms if required by the application, providing higher efficiency operation.

The LTC4089's switching regulator features Bat-Track adaptive output control which greatly improves the efficiency of its 1.2A-capable battery charger as the switching regulator's output voltage automatically tracks the battery voltage. The LTC4089-5 provides a fixed 5V output from the high-voltage input to charge single-cell Li-ion/Li-polymer batteries.

The battery chargers' float voltage is preset at 4.2V with guaranteed 1 percent accuracy from 0 to 85C. Charge current is easily programmed using a single resistor. For battery pre-conditioning and qualification, fully discharged cells are automatically trickle charged at 10 percent of the programmed current until the cell voltage exceeds 2.9V.

Total charge time for charge termination is programmed by an external capacitor, and a C/10 charge current detection output is provided. Additional functions include thermal regulation, an NTC thermistor input for temperature-qualified charging, automatic recharging of the battery, reverse current blocking and under-voltage lockout.

The LTC4089/-5 is housed in a 22-pin 6-by-3-by-0.75mm DFN package and is guaranteed for operation from -40C to 85C. Pricing starts at $2.95 each for 1,000-piece quantities.

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Related Datasheets
Part Number Description Category
? LTC4089 USB Power Manager with High Voltage Switching Charger ICs, Interface



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