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GaN inverter cuts conversion loss in motor drives

Posted: 14 Dec 2009 ?? ?Print Version ?Bookmark and Share

Keywords:inverter IC? motor drive? GaN transistor?

Panasonic GaN inverter IC

Panasonic Corp. has developed a Gallium Nitride (GaN)-based monolithic inverter IC featuring six GaN-based transistors that may be driven independently. This enables motor drive with high efficiency. The GaN inverter IC suits motor drive in a variety of consumer electronics.

Panasonic's proprietary gate injection transistors (GITs) are integrated into a single chip taking advantages of its lateral device configuration. The GIT serves normally-off operation with low on-state resistance and high breakdown voltage. Independent operation of each GIT is possible by planar isolation using iron ion implantation keeping high breakdown voltage around 900V between each transistor which is stable even after high temperature fabrication process over 800C. It is also noted that the IC is fabricated on cost effective silicon substrate with large diameter. The epitaxial structure is grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition with novel buffer structures which fully relax the strain in the film caused by the lattice and thermal mismatches between GaN and Si.

Successful motor drive is confirmed using the new GaN-based monolithic inverter IC. The conversion loss is effectively reduced by 42 percent from that by conventional Si-based IGBT at the output power of 20W. On-state loss is reduced by the GIT free from the off-set voltage in the forward bias which is seen in conventional IGBT. The integration reduces the parasitic inductance so that the switching loss is effectively reduced. The inverter IC is the world first demonstration of a single chip GaN-based inverter IC for motor drive.

Applications for 141 Japan and 90 overseas patents have been filed.

For application notes on inverters click here.

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