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Ultra-thin films open new possibilities in flexible electronics

Posted: 17 May 2012 ?? ?Print Version ?Bookmark and Share

Keywords:microprocessors? printing electronic circuits? thin films?

French-American collaboration have discovered a new combination of polymers associating sugars with oil-based macromolecules that help design ultra-thin film capable of self-organization with a 5nm resolution.

The researchers, headed by the Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolcules Vgtales (CERMAV), believe that the study will open up new horizons for increasing the capacity of hard discs and the speed of microprocessors.

The new class of thin films based on hybrid copolymers could give rise to numerous applications in flexible electronics, in areas as diverse as nanolithography, biosensors and photovoltaic cells.

Before new generations of microprocessors can be devised, an evolution in lithography, the technique used for printing electronic circuits, is indispensable. Until now, the thin films used in electronic circuits have been designed from synthetic polymers exclusively derived from petroleum. The thin films have limitations: their minimum structural resolution is around 20 nm and cannot be reduced further by combining petroleum-derived polymers. This limit has been one of the main obstacles to the development of new generations of very-high-resolution flexible electronic devices.

Why was there such a limit? Because of the low incompatibility between the two blocks of polymers, both derived from oil. For that reason, the team led by Redouane Borsali, CNRS senior researcher at CERMAV, came up with a hybrid material: this new class of thin films combines sugar-based and petroleum-derived (silicon containing polystirene) polymers with widely different physical/chemical characteristics.

The copolymer, formed of highly incompatible elementary building blocks, is similar to an oil bubble attached to a small water bubble. The researchers have shown that this type of structure is capable of organizing itself into sugar cylinders within a petroleum-based polymer lattice, each structure having a size of 5nm, i.e. much smaller than the resolution of 'old' copolymers, exclusively composed of petroleum derivatives. In addition, this new generation of material is made from an abundant, renewable and biodegradable resource: sugar.

Achieving this performance makes it possible to envisage numerous applications in flexible electronics: miniaturization of circuit lithography, six-fold increase in information storage capacity (flash memoriesUSB keysno longer limited to 1Tb of data but 6Tb), enhanced performance of photovoltaic cells, biosensors, etc. The researchers are now seeking to improve control of these nano-glycofilms' large-scale organization and design in different self-organized structures.

These results follow prior work carried out by CERMAV within the framework of the Grenoble RTRA (Thematic Network of Advanced Research) 'Nanosciences at the limits of nanolectronics'.

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