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Embedded software devt: The disciplined way (Part 2)

Posted: 22 Oct 2012 ?? ?Print Version ?Bookmark and Share

Keywords:Firmware? Code Inspections? bug rates?

(One of the more intriguing approaches to creating a discipline of software engineering is the Personal Software Process, a method created by Watts Humphrey. An original architect of the CMMI, Humphrey realized that developers need a method they can use now, without waiting for the CMMI revolution to take hold at their company. His vision is not easy, but the benefits are profound. Check out his A Discipline for Software Engineering, Watts S. Humphrey, 1995, Addison-Wesley.)

With a bit of age it's interesting to look back, and to see how most of us form personalities very early in life, personalities with strengths and weaknesses that largely stay intact over the course of decades.

The embedded community is composed of mostly smart, well-educated people, many of whom believe in some sort of personal improvement. But, are we successful? How many of us live up to our New Year's resolutions?

Browse any bookstore. The shelves groan under self-help books. How many people actually get helped, or at least helped to the point of being done with a particular problem? Go to the diet section!I think there are more diets being sold than the sum total of national excess pounds. People buy these books with the best of intentions, yet every year America gets a little heavier.

Our desires and plans for self-improvement!at home or at the office!are among the more noble human characteristics. The reality is that we fail!a lot. It seems the most common way to compensate is a promise made to ourselves to "try harder" or to "do better." It's rarely effective.

Change works best when we change the way we do things. Forget the vague promises!invent a new way of accomplishing your goal. Planning on reducing your drinking? Getting regular exercise? Develop a process that insures you're meeting your goal.

The same goes for improving your abilities as a developer. Forget the vague promises to "read more books" or whatever. Invent a solution that has a better chance of succeeding. Even better!steal a solution that works from someone else.

Cynicism abounds in this field. We're all self-professed experts of development, despite the obvious evidence of too many failed projects.

I talk to a lot of companies who are convinced that change is impossible, that the methods I espouse are not effective (despite the data that shows the contrary), or that management will never let them take the steps needed to effect change.

That's the idea behind the "Seven Steps." Do it covertly, if need be; keep management in the dark if you're convinced of their unwillingness to use a defined software process to create better embedded projects faster.

If management is enlightened enough to understand that the firmware crisis requires change!and lots of it!!then educate them as you educate yourself.

Perhaps an analogy is in order. The industrial revolution was spawned by a lot of forces, but one of the most important was the concentration of capital. The industrialists spent vast sums on foundries, steel mills, and other means of production.

Though it was possible to handcraft cars, dumping megabucks into assembly lines and equipment yielded lower prices, and eventually paid off the investment in spades.

The same holds true for intellectual capital. Invest in the systems and processes that will create massive dividends over time. If we're unwilling to do so, we'll be left behind while others, more adaptable, put a few bucks up front and win the software wars.

A final thought: If you're a process cynic, if you disbelieve all I've said here, ask yourself one question: do I consistently deliver products on time and on budget? If the answer is no, then what are you doing about it?

This series of three articles was printed with permission from Newnes, a division of Elsevier, Copyright 2008, from "The Art of Designing Embedded Systems, Second Edition" by Jack Ganssle.

About the author
With 30 years in this field Jack was one of the first embedded developers. He writes a monthly column in Embedded Systems Design about integration issues, and is the author of several embedded books, including: The Art of Designing Embedded Systems and The Art of Programming Embedded Systems. Jack conducts one-day training seminars that show developers how to develop better firmware, faster. His most recent column on this topic is The Non-Quality Revolution..

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