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Pure-play foundries make headway thru increased capital buy

Posted: 08 Oct 2013 ?? ?Print Version ?Bookmark and Share

Keywords:fabless? fab-lite? pure-play foundries?

According to the latest report from IC Insights, semiconductor capital spending has grown significantly among pure-play foundries as more IDMs move to a fabless/fab-lite business model and as new foundry participants intensify competition. The total capital outlays by the Big 4 pure-play foundries are predicted to be $16.6 billion this year, representing 53 per cent of their combined sales. This exceeds the industry average of 18 per cent capital-spending-to-sales ratio. The Big 4's capital spending as a per cent of "final sales" is seen to be 24 per cent in 2013, still well above industry average, noted the market research company.

A few years ago, TSMC stated that it planned to keep its capital spending at about 20 per cent of its sales, but that was before GlobalFoundries and Samsung brought competitive pressure to the market and started chipping away at TSMC's business. TSMC spent $5.9 billion in capital spending in 2010 (a budget that was increased twice in H1), an all-time record amount of capital spending for the company at that time. TSMC spent $8.3 billion in capital expenditures in 2012 and plans to further increase its capex spending to $10 billion in 2013. It appears that TSMC will be aggressive in its marketshare fight with GlobalFoundries and Samsung and is likely to greatly exceed its 20 per cent of sales goal for capital spending outlays in the next few years.

The question with regard to the expected combined 2011-2013 IC foundry spending by the Big 4 pure-play suppliers ($46.3 billion) is whether it is too much. The "final sales" capital-spending-to-sales ratio of the major foundries was a relatively low 14-15 per cent in 2005-2007 before falling to only nine per cent in 2008 and 12 per cent in 2009. In 2010, this figure rose to 23 per cent, a level not seen since the boom year of 2004. Spurred by the surge in capital spending by TSMC and GlobalFoundries, this figure rose to 30 per cent in 2011. For 2012, the capital spending as a per cent of sales figure for the Big 4 foundries dropped back to a more "reasonable" 24 per cent, with the same percentage expected for 2013. Given the major foundries high capacity utilisation levels for leading-edge device production, it appears that current spending levels are warranted and should not lead to significant overcapacity issues.

With demand for IC foundry services from fabless and fab-lite IDM companies expected to be high over the next five years, there is little doubt that demand for IC foundry production will remain strong. Overall, IC Insights believes that the pure-play foundry market will further divide into the leading-edge IC foundries such as TSMC, GlobalFoundries, UMC and Samsung, and the speciality foundries that include TowerJazz, X-Fab, etc. Thus, the vast majority of future foundry capital spending can still be expected to come from the small group of major foundries targeting leading-edge IC production.

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